Winter causes our hair and scalp to dry out due to a lower in relative humidity in the air, which leads to elevated water loss from our pores and skin and hair (transepidermal water loss, TEWL). This dryness may cause extra itching and elevated scales or flakes formation (dandruff). The situation can also be aggravated by the undeniable fact that the shampooing frequency decreases as the temperature dips down additional, main to the accumulation of flakes. That’s why many individuals observe worsening dandruff situations (seborrheic dermatitis) throughout winter. Seborrheic dermatitis is additional aggravated by elevated colonies of Malassezia fungus throughout winter. Few medically recognized situations which lead to itching and scaling are atopic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, and psoriasis. These situations normally worsen in the winter season. Nevertheless, if we undertake sure practices we will keep away from dry and itchy scalp in winter. These are as follows:
The precedence is to maintain the physique hydrated by consuming loads of water usually. Enhance your probiotics as nicely; they increase the immune system, which helps the physique struggle fungal infections that trigger dandruff or dry scalp. Moreover, drink at the least eight glasses of water per day to enhance the well being of your scalp and future hair progress.
Common oiling (olive oil, coconut oil) also can assist in decreasing transepidermal water loss, nonetheless oiling usually aggravates seborrheic dermatitis, so folks with this situation ought to keep away from oiling. It’s higher to do oiling simply earlier than shampooing. Oiling with important oils also can assist in decreasing dryness and itching and these are normally not greasy.
Shampooing must be finished usually at the least twice per week. Shampoo containing lauryl or Laureth sulfate gives higher cleansing but additionally causes extra dryness. In the event you use these shampoos, it’s best to comply with up with a conditioner. Individuals having thick flakes or oily scalp ought to use these sorts of shampoos. Shampoo containing pure oils and hydrating brokers like panthenol can be utilized in folks with a traditional scalp. These shampoos trigger much less dryness, however cleaning can also be much less. Using shampoo with an optimum pH (4.5-6.0) reduces the secretion of serine proteases that may provoke scalp itching. Itching can be lowered by utilizing shampoo or lotion containing menthol or camphor.
Overuse of warmth/magnificence remedies akin to heated curling tongs, straighteners, and dryers must be prevented: scorching styling merchandise shouldn’t be utilized to the scalp in any respect. Be sure to maintain these instruments away from your scalp when utilizing them. Warmth styling instruments take away all of the moisture from your hair, leaving it dry and brittle.
Stress has an influence on many elements of our well being and well-being. Whereas stress doesn’t trigger an itchy scalp, it will possibly exacerbate the signs.
Therapy of itchy scalp begins with diagnosing the underlying situation first. Gentle situations may be tackled with the use of delicate steroid-containing shampoos. Dandruff or seborrheic dermatitis may be managed with antifungal shampoos like ketoconazole, zinc pyrithione. Contact time is necessary whereas shampooing, a minimal 5 to 7 minutes contact interval is necessary.
Extra extreme situations want a dermatologist’s opinion to deal with them. In the event you’ve tried a number of shampoos and nonetheless do not feel higher after per week or so, see your physician or dermatologist.
About the Writer- Dr. Amrendra Kumar; Guide Dermatologist and Hair Transplant Surgeon, Director of DermaClinix, M.B.B.S, M.D. (AIIMS; Delhi); Ex Senior Resident (PGI, Chandigarh); MISHRS (USA) Member of SIG (Trichology), IADVL.
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